What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 has spread all over the world. How much do you know about COVID-19? The so-called “Know the enemy, know yourself, and in every battle you will be victorious”. Let’s take a look at what a COVID is. This is very helpful for how to prevent COVID.

冠状病毒已经席卷全球,你对冠状病毒了解多少呢?所谓“知己知彼,百战不殆”。让我们一起看一下什么是冠状病毒吧。这对如何防范冠状病毒很有帮助。

What is COVID-19?

1.“Crown-Like” virus – Coronavirus

Coronavirus is a large group of viruses named for their crown-like structure under electron microscopy. They are enveloped viruses, with a diameter of about two-millionths of a grain. On the outer membrane, there are spikes distributed like a crown; and inside there is a single strand of positive-stranded RNA.

Coronavirus can infect a variety of mammals (e.g. humans, pigs, etc.) and poultry (e.g. chickens, birds, etc.). It has a strong replication ability and mutates easily since its single-stranded RNA genome lacks structural stability.

Coronavirus mainly causes respiratory infections in humans. Winter and early spring are the epidemic seasons due to the temperature preference of viral reproduction.

1.“ 王冠” 似的冠状病毒

冠状病毒是一个大型病毒家族,因该病毒形态在电镜下观察类似“王冠”而得名。它们属于有包膜病毒,直径约为小米粒的二百万分之一,外面包膜上存在的凸起使整个病毒看上去像分布在球形上的“王冠”,内部是正链单股 RNA 病毒。

冠状病毒可以感染多种哺乳动物(比如人、猪等)及禽类(鸡、鸟等)。其复制能力强,又因为是单股 RNA,结构不稳定,复制过程中容易产生变异。冠状病毒引起的人类疾病主要是呼吸系统感染,因为病毒繁殖对温度的喜好,冬季和早春是该病毒疾病的流行季节。

What is COVID-19?

 


2. Is COVID-19 curable?

According to current cases, most patients have a good prognosis and children have relatively mild symptoms, but there are also some patients with critical illness. Deaths are more common among the elderly and those with chronic diseases.

Just like most viral infections, COVID-19 is a self-limiting disease, conquered by the body’s own immunity. Evidence has not yet been found for the long-term survival of this virus in the human body post-recovery. However, supportive therapy is still important and should not be taken lightly. As long as the disease is reported in time, most of the patients will eventually recover after active treatment.

2.2019 新型冠状病毒肺炎可以治愈吗?

从目前收治的病例情况来看,大多数患者预后良好,儿童病例症状相对较轻,有少数患者病情危重。死亡病例多见于老年人和有慢性基础疾病者。

同大多数病毒感染一样,新冠肺炎也是自限性疾病,即依靠机体的免疫力杀灭病毒,尚未发现患者痊愈后病毒在体内长期存活。但也不能掉以轻心,支持疗法很重要。即便不幸被传染了,只要及时报告,积极配合治疗,大多数患者都能最终痊愈。


covid  transmission

3. How is 2019-nCoV transmitted?

The main route of transmission is similar to SARS-CoV, via respiratory droplets produced by carriers when they cough, sneeze or talk. The droplets floating in the air might be inhaled into the lungs of people nearby, and those falling elsewhere will spread from contact.

3.2019 新型冠状病毒是怎么传播的?

同“哥哥” SARS 一样,经呼吸道飞沫和接触传播是主要的传播途径,也就是病毒携带者咳嗽、打喷嚏或者说话时会产生带有病毒的飞沫,漂浮在空气中会经呼吸道传播,飘落在其他地方就会通过接触传播。

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